The “Core” bay takes its name from an effigy, similar to the shape of a heart, due to a magmatic intrusion that has given these features to the rock.
The crag of this area is outlined by a beach of pebbles and gravel qualified by the presence of a cave called “Grotta dello Smeraldo” and accessible only by sea.
Among the stories related to the island, the one in this cove stands out particularly for its imagination but in any case it deserves to be told.
Legend says that the island was once inhabited by the Giants, and it was in the Core cave that the king’s daughter used to bathe. The God Neptune fell in love with the young woman, who returned it, but who did not refrain from betraying the lord of the seas. Discovered the deception Neptune killed the traitor and mad with pain hung his bleeding heart on the rock wall.
One of the characteristics of Cala Inferno that in the first place stands out from the sight is a small landing point where Roman masonry works and excavations are still visible and they used for the construction of one of the many deposits of the island aqueduct.
It served to supply Italian ships with water until the Second World War.
Until the fifties the town of Le Forna was connected with the port of Ponza mainly by sea, and both the goods and the passengers were accomodate onto rowing boats that departed from Punta Bianca, and shuttled to Cala Inferno, distant about two miles.
The staircase of Cala Inferno, over three hundred staircases, was carved to mount on the hill. It was built by the Bourbons to facilitate connections with the other inhabited nucleus that arrived in Ponza in 1772 from Torre del Greco, settling in the northern area of the island, Le Forna. For almost two centuries the goods coming from the Port and destined for the north side were loaded and unloaded.
Nature has given the island of Ponza a jagged coastline and rocks taht change color with the reflection of the sun. Rocks, stacks with the strangest shapes are the frame.
The “Arco Naturale” takes its name from its conformation. It is more than thirty meters high and with an opening of about seven it dominates the eastern slope. Also called “u’spacc purp” a name that probably derives from an ancient fishing tackle, resembling the bow, which was used to prepare the octopus to make a bait to put in the lobster pots.
The island of Gavi is part of the Pontine Archipelago. The islet has no beaches and has a rocky and jagged coastline overlooking the sea.
Once the island was used as a pasture and there was a kaolin and bentonite quarry.
The flora is very similar to that of Ponza, while the fauna boasts a unique lizard species, called Gavi lizard, which stands out for its length and a particular dark color. The islet is also a destination for the herring gull and peregrine falcon, which nest here.